Hiển thị các bài đăng có nhãn Vietnamese Culture. Hiển thị tất cả bài đăng
Hiển thị các bài đăng có nhãn Vietnamese Culture. Hiển thị tất cả bài đăng


 Hau Doong festival is very typical one arranged by Giay ethnic group in Lai Chau province on 6 June - Lunar calendar. The festival pay respect to forest God and remind people to protect nature.

Photo Dinh Thuy TTXVN

After ritual ceremony it starts the festival with traditional games and cultural activities such as making sticky rice cake, shooting arrow, jumping with jute pack, cutting noodle, beating  goongs, catching ducks....



Monochord of Dan Bau

 Monochord or Dan Bau, or single stringed instrument,  has long history of thousand years, and unique in the world. Dan Bau is national heritage. The instrument is performed at small party or amusement to royal events in the past. The sound of Dan Bau include long sweet smooth to high and low sad sound, for it's owned structure. 

                                                                       Photo ST Internet 

The structure of Dan Bau includes body, sound box, 1 string, rod of handle, turning key. The body is made of wood that is flat at the bottom and has oval shape on surface. One end of the string is connected with a point in the middle of sound box, and the other end with a roller. While the right hand of  artist is playing Dan Bau, the left hand control moving the handle flexibly for creating nice waving sounds. 

                                                                        Photo ST Internet 

Dan Bau may be played solo or together with traditional or modern instrument. The sound of Dan Bau is attractive, soft feeling and emotional that suits personal narrative. Nowadays there are Dan Bau that combines with electronic device that help intensify the sound. 

Travel to Vietnam you can enjoy the sound of Dan Bau at traditional shows like Water puppet, Tuong and Cheo drama, Hat Van.... 

Worship ancestor in Vietnam

 Vietnamese culture is mix of local beliefs and the interference of religions and philosophies from foreign counties like Buddhism, Catholicism, Confucianism, Taoism, and Islam. But ancestor worship is very dominant in culture practice in Vietnam. 

                                                                  Photo ST Internet

In every household in Vietnam there is ancestor altar that is set in the most solemn place like in the mid-compartment or top floor of the building. Vietnamese people believe that when a person passes away the dead body is destroyed but the soul still exists so that the souls of our ancestors are still alive. 

Our ancestors just live another world and keep watch our activities in this world. Vietnamese people often burn incense sticks to pay respect to ancestors whenever they have sadness or joyfulness, on dead celebration for ancestors, full moon day and 1st day of Lunar month, New year holiday....The smoke of incense sticks and agar wood is the mean of communication between descendants and their ancestors. 

                                                               Photo ST Internet

To depend on home economy they design luxury or humble altar for ancestor. Normally the altar is 1 m 95 long, 90 cm wide carved by precious wood with traditional motifs of bird, dragon, tortoise, phoenix, flowers...On the altar there are 2 candle holders made of copper which stand for sun and moon, ceramic incense burner in the middle, ancestor's portrait, 2 vases of flower, agar wood burner made of copper, pair of flamingo standing on tortoise both made of copper, 2 incense sticks holders on 2 sides, 5 cups of water and wine, 5 ceramic bows and pairs of chopsticks. On two sides of the altar is pair of couplet with nice wishes for family and clan. If the house is small like a studio room in a flat the altar may be small hung on a wall side, just 40 x 60 cm but no matter, the major thing is our faith to ancestor. 

                                                              Photo ST Internet

When ever we wish to invite our ancestor returning home for family celebration we just burn incense sticks and call their name or title. Several times a year we come to clean and repaint ancestor graves, especially before Tet holiday (Vietnamese Lunar New year). Pay respect and gratitude to our ancestor is moral practice for every Vietnamese people.

History of Buddhism in Vietnam

In Vietnamese culture there are numerous religions and local beliefs. In general our culture are mix of local beliefs and ancestor worshiping, and 3 philosophies of Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Catholicism, and Islam.

                                                                     Photo Internet

According to documents and folk tale, Buddhism was first introduced in Vietnam in 3rd century BC. It is marked by story of Chu Dong Tu and Tien Dung princess, the earliest story of Buddhism in Vietnam. The philosophy reached the prominent during Ly dynasty ( 11 - 13th century) then continue during Tran Dynasty, but the signs of decline from later Le Dynasty ( 15 century). Most of famous pagodas in Vietnam were built during Ly dynasty, even the whole members in Royal family were flowers of Buddhism.

                                                                     Photo Internet
Buddhism was introduced first by Indian traders who practiced Buddhism when they came to trade in Vietnam. Later on there was interference among Indian, Chinese, and Vietnamese Buddhist philosophy. So that in Vietnam there are different branches of Buddhism, but you see 2 main Buddhism of Mahayana and Theravada. In the North Vietnam people practice Mahayana Buddhism while in the South they do Theravada.

                                                                      Photo Internet
Nowadays the followers of Buddhism is over 70% of population. There are over 18,000 pagodas across Vietnam. The oldest pagoda is Dau pagoda in Bac Ninh province, the mid of Red River Delta, where the Indian monks came and preached the religion.

In Vietnam, the Buddhist day or Buddhist festival is on 8th April, Lunar Calendar. Vietnamese normally go to pray in pagoda on full moon day, and the 1st day of lunar month, or whenever they have sadness of joyfulness. We burn incense sticks and bring offerings of flower, fruits, cakes when pray in pagoda. In Mahayana pagoda there are many statues of Buddha like three lives of Buddha, Buddha at birth, Buddha enters nirvana, Amitabha Buddha, Bodhisattva, Medicine Buddha, Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva....

Travel to Vietnam you are introduced to visit famous pagodas built in wonderful landscapes, and learn more about Vietnamese culture.

Hue Court Music

 Hue Court Music has been popular in Vietnam for a long time, since early 19th century, under Nguyen Dynasty. It is a treasure of Vietnamese Culture. On November 7, 2003 Hue Court Music was recognized as World intangible Heritage. Hue Court Music is called Nha Nhac in Vietnamese.  

                                                                       Photo ST Internet

UNESCO appraised Hue Court Music in the following terms: It represents an elegant and refined music. It deals with the music performed in the imperial courts and on different anniversaries, religious festivals, and also on such particular occasions. 

Actually, the Court Music was applied since 13 century, but the art was renovated and got the peak improvement during Nguyen Dynasty in Hue capital city so that we call Nha Nhac Hue or Hue Court Music. 

                                                                    Photo ST Internet

According to old document there are 12 different ceremonies with particular music styles and instruments. There are six groups of music instruments, of which there are over hundred traditional music instruments. Nowadays, Hue Music Academy is the place preserves and teaches Hue Court Music. 

In fact, Hue Court Music was introduce to the world from 1950s by Vietnamese musician like Mr. Tran Van Khe, Mr. Nguyen Huu Ba. It is fantastic to have chance to enjoy Hue Court Music when you visit Hue city, especially at right time of festivals. Vietnamese people are proud of this UNESCO Heritage. 

Nha Rong or Rong House

Nha Rong or Communal House has spectacular architecture, where is the place for cultural gathering of Banar ethnic community. Rong House does not only help unite the villagers but also protect them from animal attack and flooding.
Rong Houses are seen in South Central Highland of Vietnam. The House function is similar to Viet's communal house in Northern Delta but Rong House is not the place for worshiping. Rong House is the place keeping village's treasures, and passing down village'codes for younger generation. It is also the place to discuss the village's affairs. Only men are allow to sleep overnight in Rong House.

                                                                    Photo ST Internet

Rong House is the proud of Banar community. It is the highest building in the village with the height of 12 m, the width of 8 m, and the length of 12 m. Some Rong Houses are even 18 m high. The huge thatched roof is supported by hard timber poles. All the beams and pillars attached by strong ropes that help the House stay firmly in storm or strong wind.

                                                                     Photo VN Express
Kon Tum province in Vietnam is home to numerous Banar villages. There are 260 Rong Houses in 260 villages in the province. Banar people preserve Rong House as the village's treasure because it is the heart of community culture. Travel and home stay in Banar Community you should not miss the chance to visit Rong House.

Vietindo Travel help you explore authentic Vietnam including home stay service and Adventure tours.


Ethnic Markets in Far North Vietnam

Travel to Far North Vietnam, the immense mountainous area, you are not only attracted by spectacular landscape of mountain and valleys, lovely authentic foods, music and dances, terrace rice fields... but also interesting colorful local market gathered once a week
Ethnic groups normally gather in the market once a week, from Thursday to Sunday, depending on each district. They wake up early in the morning (3 -4:00 am) then the family including husband, wife, and their children walk to the market. They may use horse, or nowadays some use motor bike. It is so fantastic for them to see friends, relatives, and trading partners there.

                                                                  Photo Internet

They all dress up, choose the best home tailored clothes to show them off in the market, especially the teenagers who wish to look for life partner there, so that's why there are some love markets also. While ethnic women are fond of buying and selling products, men are excited to chat and eat with friends and trade partners. Children gather in other place for chatting or help mother sell home products. Self-sufficient is particular in mountainous regions so that weekend markets are ideal places for goods exchange. The followings are prominent ones we recommend.

Bac Ha Sunday market in Lao Cai is rated as one of top 8 attractive ethnic markets in South East Asia. Can Cau market in Lao Cai is gathered on Saturday, Dao San market (Lai Chau province ) on Thursday and Sunday, Dong Van Sunday market in Hagiang, Love market of Khau Vai in Ha Giang once a year (27 Mar, Lunar Calendar), Ta Sin Thang in Dien Bien province (once every six days), Coc Pai sunday market in Ha giang, Meo Vac sunday market in Ha giang.

Vietindo Travel help you explore colorful culture of ethnic groups and wonderful landscape of Far North Vietnam.


Ao Dai Dress for Viet's Men

 Ao Dai is long traditional dress in Vietnamese. There is Ao Dai style for women and for men. Viet men wear Ao Dai at special occasions such as Tet or Lunar New Year ceremony, wedding ceremony, community and family events, and attending conferences, ect. 

                                                                       Photo Mai Chau

Traditionally, fashion for men, besides Ao Dai costume combines with turbans, wooden sandals or shoes. In the past, normally, they wear black Ao Dai and white trousers but today there are multi- color and diverse motifs on men's dress. 

                                Presidents in Ao Dai at APEC hosted in Vietnam 2006. Photo AP

There are different characteristics between Ao Dai for men and women when we look into side cuts, collar, button line, shoulder, and flanks...Ao Dai is tailored from silk made in Vietnam. Ao Dai for Viet's men even has long history and now it is modified in colors and motifs to meet the modern taste. 



Thai ethnic group is the third largest group in Vietnam with total population of 1.6 million. Mostly, they live in North west and North Central Vietnam. Thai people immigrated to Vietnam more than a thousand years ago.

They live in valleys in mountainous areas, plant wet rice, corn, and cassava...House on stilts built of wood is the typical house in Thai community. In the past, they spent years to save enough wood for building a new house after wedding ceremony.
House consists of 2 part, main house and kitchen attached together. There is wooden stairs leading to main house, and the other to kitchen where the women are busy with cooking.

Main house has 3 -5 compartments. In the middle compartment it is place worshiping ancestor and receiving guests. House is supported by dozen of strong wooden pillars with the height of 1.8 - 2 meters high. The roof is 4- panel roof built of clay tiles or rice straw. Some family make small fish pond under the house. There are numerous windows catching cool air from green nature.
Photo Internet


The village of Huong Canh Pottery is at Binh Xuyen District, Vinh Phuc Province - about 52 km from Hanoi city. It has been famous for pottery products for over 300 years.

Ảnh sưu tầm

The village specializes in the production of glazed terracotta products such as big and small jars for holding water, rice wine, herbal medicine, fish sauce, soya sauce....and others like kinds of vases and tiles.

                                                                      Ảnh sưu tầm

The artisans keep their owned technique of making glaze, baking, filtering terracotta, and creating input- materials, especially they use selective light blue terracotta for making products so that the quality of products is unique.
Nowadays, the artisans create modern motifs and products that meet today need internationally.
#PotteryVillage #HuongCanh #DayTrip #Hanoi #Vietnam #Tour

When Hoa Lu festival taken place in Ninh Binh

 Annually, Hoa Lu - former capital of Vietnam 968 - 1009 - arranges festival at period 9 - 11 March Lunar calendar. The place is at Truong Yen commune, Hoa Lu District, Ninh Binh Province. 

Photo ST

The festival remind us the merit of our ancestor who built and defended the country. Hoa Lu festival is also the momentum to intensify the great unity of our country. In 2021 we celebrate 1053th Dinh Bo Linh enthroned as Emperor of Vietnam.

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There are many interesting activities during the festival such as ritual and royal ceremony, duet singing, folk games on ground and on river. It is worthy to attend Hoa Lu festival in this Spring. 


Market sessions in Ha Giang

(VOV) - Markets in Ha Giang always attract tourists because they are not just places for buying and selling, they are also meeting places for local ethnic minority people.

Wearing colorful costumes, all the different ethnic minority groups of the region come to the market to meet their friends, or their ex-lovers.

Early in the morning, Meo Vac district of Ha Giang province is blanketed with fog. All the roads to the markets are noisy with people calling one another as they make their way to the market, which meets only on Sunday. Local people in Meo Vac district are of the Nung, Dao, Mong, and Giay ethnicities. The market is both a trading center and a socializing center for local people.

Many different goods are on sale in the market. People come to the market to sell their farm produce and home-made products and buy clothing, plastic slippers, sandals, sport shoes and mobile phones. Here they also meet their friends and eat their favorite food.

Phan Thi Mui from the Red Dao group said, “I don’t have much money so I can only buy a few items. I brought rice to the market and can sell it for 1 million dong. I also go to the market to meet my friends”.

Visitors to Meo Vac market are impressed by the wine section, where local women stand in a long line selling corn wine. There’s an aluminum soup ladle by each can of wine which customers can use to taste the wine.

Italian tourist Malcro Cusani shared, “We have bought some dishes which can’t be found in Italy. We love to see the costumes of the local ethnic minority people. We have found some souvenirs for our parents”.

People go to Khau Vai market just to meet their ex-lovers. For more than 100 years, Khau Vai market has been known as a Love Market. Legends tell that an ethnic Giay girl from Ha Giang fell in love with a Nung boy from Cao Bang but their love was forbidden by both families.

They separated from each other and made an appointment to meet again on the 27th day of the third lunar month. The mountain where they dated has become a market place. The market meets once a year serving as a festival where people come to meet their ex-lovers.

Tho Mi Tha of Can Chu Phin commune, Meo Vac district said he waited for the Khau Vai Market festival all year to meet his ex-lover.

“I never miss a market festival. My marriage was arranged by my parents. But I have an ex-girlfriend. She is 5 years younger than me. It’s difficult to explain but I always wait for that day and will not return without meeting her.

The festival is held on March 27 but the night of the 26th is a memorable day in my life,” he added.

When they meet, the former lovers recalls their love stories although they might be married and have children now. They don’t return home until midnight.

Tha noted, “I live 10 km from the market. I come here by motorbike at 6 PM. We meet each other in the market. She is married already. We discuss the sad and happy events in our life during the past year. I wish I could have married her”.

The Khau Vai love market is also a place for boys and girls to seek partners. Many couples have been married after meeting at a love market session.


Japanese Covered Bridge in Hoian

 Four hundred years ago, 17th century, Japanese community in Hoian town, Quang Nam province built the roofed bridge across Hoai river connecting with Thu Bon river. Later on they built a pagoda on  northern side so that it was call Pagoda bridge.

Photo - Zing news

It has been maintained over 6 times but the architecture is still intact as the beginning with Japanese influence. The wooden bridge under the tiled roof is fixed by wooden panels. Statutes of dogs and monkeys are placed on two ends of the bridge may mean that the bridge was built in the year of monkey and fined in the year of dog, or just they are beloved animals in Japanese culture. 

The Saint in pagoda protect sailors when they are on long journey of trading to Vietnam. Legendary, the construction of Japanese Pagoda Bridge is like an obstacle to control the harm from sea monster, and bring happiness and peace to the locals and traders.  



Discovering community-based tourism village Kon Kơ Tu in Kon Tum

As an ancient village in a mountainous area, the Kon Kơ Tu community-based tourism village in Kon Tum City attracts visitors because of the pristine beauty of the local Ba Na ethnic culture.

The village is located on the banks of the Đăk Bla River and is one of the oldest villages in Kon Tum City in the province of the same name.

Coming here, we admired the Rông long house soaring in the blue sky which is a community house for the common activities of villagers such as meetings, festivals, or welcoming, and also immersed ourselves in xoang dances, participated in hand-loom weaving and danced with the people to the sound of gongs.

On the way, we saw the winding paths along the legendary Đăk Bla River. The two sides of the road to the village are full of pink grass. In the distance are sandy beaches adorned with light purple sugarcane mixed with overlapping mountains to create a peaceful village scene.

Entering the village, we felt a peace different from the noisy life outside. The fun and refreshing laughter of the children mixed with the sound of weaving and the sound of carving statues to create a beautiful old village.

Currently, Kon Kơ Tu Village has 92 households with 530 Ba Na people. Because the village was formed very early, it still retains its ancient, wild and majestic natural beauty.

Photo - hovi.vn

Standing in Kon Kơ Tu and looking to the east, we could see the top of Kong Muk Mountain reflected on the Đăk Bla River. About 5km along the bank of the river is a flat, sandy beach that embraces the ancient village like a mother holding her child in her heart.

Pristine architecture

Although it is the oldest village in the city, Kon Kơ Tu still retains the pristine beauty of a Ba Na village.

Surrounding the long communal house is a system of stilt houses facing the south as in the local traditions, this is a favourable direction to improve the luck and lives of the villagers.

The village still has more than 20 stilt houses built in the traditional style. A Ba Na stilt house is characterised by a rectangular model with an average length of about 10m. Each house consists of 12 pillars and is divided equally by six pillars on each side to create stability and balance for the house. The Ba Na often set up pillars of houses made of various kinds of wood. The stairs of the house are usually made of wood and meticulously carved.

In the long stilt houses, there will usually be three to four generations of the Ba Na living together.

The Kon Kơ Tu villagers are very hospitable. In addition to cultural exchange and getting acquainted with folk songs and traditional musical instruments of gongs, we participated in the new rice festival.

In the afternoon, we rented boats to admire the romantic Đăk Bla River and enjoy the clear, fresh air of the mountains and rivers here.

At night, we enjoyed rượu cần (wine drunk out of a jar through pipes) of the Ba Na people and heard them talk about their lives, as well as the cultural customs in the region. And of course, we enjoyed the local food like fried forest bamboo shoots, grilled chicken with salt and pepper and river fish.

The Kon Kơ Tu community-based tourism village just debuted in July last year.

According to Kon Kơ Tu villager A Kâm, local tourism has grown in recent years but local people were mostly disorganised. After the People's Committee of Kon Tum City launched a project to support the development of community-based tourism in villages last year, tourism in the locality has developed even further.

With the support of the municipal People's Committee and preferential loans, many households have invested in building and upgrading houses, rooms and campuses. They have also offered new kinds of tours with different experiences to attract tourists.

With the unique architecture and cultural features of the Ba Na, Kon Kơ Tu Village is an attractive destination in Kon Tum.

Source: VNS

“Wife stealing” custom of H’Mong people

As spring arrives in the northwestern region, it is the time when young H’Mong men ask their friends to help them to “steal or pull a wife”, an established local custom.

It works like this: during the day, the young couple arranges to have a date in the forest, on the road or in a marketplace. In late afternoon, the young man asks some of their friends to go to the dating place where they will help him to drag his girlfriends to his house.

Although they love each other and promise to live with each other their whole lives, no girl will willingly step into her boyfriend’s house. That’s why the man has to organize “a stealing event” so she will come to live in his house. The more friends that participate in such an event and the more determinedly they pull the girl, the happier the couple will be, the longer they will live, the more children they will have and the richer they will be.

Like young couples everywhere, when a H’Mong couple fall in love, they will tell their families. If everything goes well, the man’s family will send a matchmaker to the girl’s family to talk about the affair. Then they will carry out engagement rituals and the wedding. The wedding is normally held in spring when the weather is mild and things reproduce.

However, many couples cannot get married because the girl’s parents do not agree with the wedding.

The “wife stealing or pulling” custom is an effective solution. On the designated day, the man meets his girlfriend in a particular place. Before that, he secretly asks his friends and relatives to go there and pull the girl to his house. Even though the girl is aware of the custom, she must still act surprised and cry out for help.

Photo - Internet

The girl believed to be bad if she does not cry out when being pulled. The two families and her neighbors will definitely look down on her. When her family runs to her rescue with sticks in their hands, the man’s friends will stand in between and receive all the beatings so the man can take the girl to his house. As a matter of custom, the man’s people are not allowed to fight back.

The stealing or pulling must be carried out skillfully so the girl’s legs do not touch the ground and she does not fight back or bite the man and most importantly, she does not get hurt. When they are near the man’s house, one of the man’s friends will run to his house first and tell waiting people there, such as the man’s parent, uncles or aunts, to prepare two chickens, one young male and one young female, to stand in the main door. When the girl arrives, they will carry out rituals involving the chicken. Only after that can be girl be brought inside the house.

The H’Mong people believe that once the girl has entered the man’s house after the chicken rituals, she will not be accepted back to her parents’ house. She is now a member the man’s family. When she dies, her spirit will also belong to that family.

Before treating those friends who have helped with the theft to food, the man’s family will send someone to go to the girl’s family and tell them that the man’s family has stolen their daughter and that she is now married. The girl’s family will agree even if the theft has happened without their consent.

When the girl has entered the man’s house, she will sleep with the man’s sisters for the first three nights. The next morning, the man’s family will make rice cakes and take the girl back to her parent’s house. When arriving at the girl’s house, her husband and his parents and relatives will kneel down in front of the girl’s family as a token of their friendship.

The girl’s family will cook a meal and invite the man’s family to stay and eat. At the meal, a representative of her family will ask her if she can spend the rest of her life with the man’s family. If the answer is positive, they will pack her personal belongings so she can take them to her husband’s house. Preparations for a wedding now begin. When returning to her parents’ house, if the girl cries and tells them that she does not want to return to the man’s house, then the marriage is cancelled.

That the girl lives in the man’s house for three days allows her to get used to the set-up in his family. During that period, if she likes it there, then the couple will officially become husband and wife.

Vietnam Cultural Window/ VOV.VN

Traditional boat racing in Phan Thiet city

 Traditional boat racing festival of Binh Thuan is arranged on 2nd day of Lunar New Year on Ca Ty river (Phan Thiet city)

Photo - Internet

The racing includes sampan and basket boat on the river. Spring sunshine spreads on peaceful river but it quickly being filled up with the shouts and laughs from audience and boat racers who are fishermen coming from different groups from nearby villages.

                                                                       Photo - Internet

The boat racing is like a happy melody to welcome new year arrival at Phan Thiet city. 


Brocade knitting village of Cham people

Brocade weaving of Cham community being gathered mainly at Phan Hoa and Phan Thanh communes in Bac Binh district, 80 km away from Phan Thiet city northward. According to legend, the mother of Polnu Nagar taught Cham women how to weave to honor beauty. 

Photo Internet

The book "Van Dai Loai Ngu" of Le Quy Don wrote that "At Lam Ap there is Cat Boi tree whose flowers like goose feathers. Thread drawn from these flowers are used to embroider scarves, costumes with images of Cham dragons and Garuda birds to serve the King and court". Currently, brocade weaving village of Phan Hoa still maintain wooden weaving frame by rosewood made hundreds of years ago.

Wanting to create models of patterns the skilled artisan can catch the flakes with stylized motifs of cultural identity of Cham. From four traditional patterns: green, yellow, white, and black on red background, the artisans can create many kinds of products like handbags, wallets, scarf, belt matching to the needs of tourists and consumers.  

Binh Thuan Tourism


Tay's culture and belief

(VOVworld) – With around 1.7 million people, the Tay are the biggest ethnic minority group in Vietnam. They live mainly in Vietnam’s northern and northwestern provinces - Cao Bang, Bac Can, Lang Son, Ha Giang, Thai Nguyen, and Lao Cai. They live along rivers in mountain foothills.

The Tay build their villages in valleys, on mountainsides, or in the highlands. A Tay village has from 20 to over a hundred households. They live in wooden stilt houses with tile or palm leaf roofs.

Both men and women wear clothes made of hand-woven cotton, dyed with indigo. Women wear high collared, waist- or knee-length shirts buttoned on the right side. Their pants have roomy legs and a wide belt. Tay women enjoy wearing jewelry, particularly silver necklaces and arm and wrist bracelets. Men’s clothing is similar to that of women. Hoang Thi Xoan, a white Tay woman in Xuan Giang commune, Ha Giang province, said: “The Tay include black Tay, white Tay, and Thai-Tay branches. We identify each other mainly by the color of our costume. The white Tay wear indigo headscarf, shirt, pants, and belt. The black Tay wear a black shirt and long dress. We all wear silver necklaces. The white Tay make up 80% of the population in Xuan Giang. The black Tay live in Xin Man, Ha Giang province.”

Like many other Vietnamese ethnic groups, the Tay practice polytheism and believe that supernatural powers have impacts on their life. Worshiping their ancestors is the most sacred ritual of the Tay. The ancestral altar is placed in the center of the house. In front of the altar is a bed on which visitors are not allowed to sit or lie. The Tay have many taboos, like: people may not step on the edge of the stove, after attending a funeral people must take a bath before tending the cattle and poultry, and new mothers are not allowed to stay near the altar.

Every Tay house in Lang Son has a stone dog at the gate. The Tay believe the stone dog will help the owners take care of the house and chase away bad luck. Vy Van Co of Loc Binh, Lang Son province, said: “Our ancestors told us that if the house is built on hard soil or if the house faces a bad direction, a brook, a lane, or a hill, we should place a stone dog at the gate to protect the house and its contents, preserve peace, and promote production. The stone dog will inform our ancestors of any evil coming to our house.”


The Tay have developed a rich culture of poems, songs, epics, tales, funny stories, and dance. Popular folk singing genres of the Tay are call-and-response singing, lullaby, Then, and wedding and funeral singing. Then is sung at events such as worshiping at the ancestral altar, praying for sick people, praying for a couple to have children, at family get-togethers, to welcome guests, and at a “going to the field” festival held in the first month of the new year. Then is an indispensable part of the spiritual and religious life of the Tay.

Lan Anh



Phat Tich Pagoda was built between the 7th and 10th centuries by the mountainside of Phat Tich, Tien Du District, Bac Ninh province.

A large scale restoration was carried out in 1057 under Ly Dynasty. King Ly Thanh Tong ordered to build a tower for valuables and he had a gold – inlaid – statute cast. By the passing time the pagoda was heavily damaged, especially in 1947. It was restored in 1991 as it’s original design. Some valued ancient relics are preserved in pagoda such as the statute of Amitabha Buddha on a 1.87 high lotus pedestal carved out of blue stone, a tower garden, and a stone board engraved with images of musician and dancing girls.

On 25 September 2010, a giant Buddha statute based on model of Amitabha Buddha inaugurated on the peak of Phat Tich mountain. The statute is 27 m high and weighs 3,000 tons, one of the largest stone statutes in South East Asia.

#Phattich #Pagoda #Bacninh #Tour #DayTrip #History



Phu Tho province is former capital of Hung Kings dated back over 4000 years. Tour to Phu Tho starts from Hanoi city daily. We will visit Hung Kings Temple, Hung Kings Museum, traditional village of Hung Lo, and enjoy Xoan singing right in the village.

Hung dynasty is the first one in Vietnam. The people in Vietnam and oversea Vietnamese gather to pay respect to Hung Kings at Hung Temple on festival day, 10 March lunar calendar each year. This one day tour Hanoi-Phu Tho make the travel Hanoi and surroundings more diverse in aspects of culture, history, and sightseeing as well.



Travel around Vietnam and Indochina including Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, and Indonesia. Adventure Travel - Luxury Tours - Authentic Travel and Homestay - Cruise Halong Bay and Mekong river

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