Hiển thị các bài đăng có nhãn People and Customs. Hiển thị tất cả bài đăng
Hiển thị các bài đăng có nhãn People and Customs. Hiển thị tất cả bài đăng

Discovering community-based tourism village Kon Kơ Tu in Kon Tum

As an ancient village in a mountainous area, the Kon Kơ Tu community-based tourism village in Kon Tum City attracts visitors because of the pristine beauty of the local Ba Na ethnic culture.

The village is located on the banks of the Đăk Bla River and is one of the oldest villages in Kon Tum City in the province of the same name.

Coming here, we admired the Rông long house soaring in the blue sky which is a community house for the common activities of villagers such as meetings, festivals, or welcoming, and also immersed ourselves in xoang dances, participated in hand-loom weaving and danced with the people to the sound of gongs.

On the way, we saw the winding paths along the legendary Đăk Bla River. The two sides of the road to the village are full of pink grass. In the distance are sandy beaches adorned with light purple sugarcane mixed with overlapping mountains to create a peaceful village scene.

Entering the village, we felt a peace different from the noisy life outside. The fun and refreshing laughter of the children mixed with the sound of weaving and the sound of carving statues to create a beautiful old village.

Currently, Kon Kơ Tu Village has 92 households with 530 Ba Na people. Because the village was formed very early, it still retains its ancient, wild and majestic natural beauty.

Photo - hovi.vn

Standing in Kon Kơ Tu and looking to the east, we could see the top of Kong Muk Mountain reflected on the Đăk Bla River. About 5km along the bank of the river is a flat, sandy beach that embraces the ancient village like a mother holding her child in her heart.

Pristine architecture

Although it is the oldest village in the city, Kon Kơ Tu still retains the pristine beauty of a Ba Na village.

Surrounding the long communal house is a system of stilt houses facing the south as in the local traditions, this is a favourable direction to improve the luck and lives of the villagers.

The village still has more than 20 stilt houses built in the traditional style. A Ba Na stilt house is characterised by a rectangular model with an average length of about 10m. Each house consists of 12 pillars and is divided equally by six pillars on each side to create stability and balance for the house. The Ba Na often set up pillars of houses made of various kinds of wood. The stairs of the house are usually made of wood and meticulously carved.

In the long stilt houses, there will usually be three to four generations of the Ba Na living together.

The Kon Kơ Tu villagers are very hospitable. In addition to cultural exchange and getting acquainted with folk songs and traditional musical instruments of gongs, we participated in the new rice festival.

In the afternoon, we rented boats to admire the romantic Đăk Bla River and enjoy the clear, fresh air of the mountains and rivers here.

At night, we enjoyed rượu cần (wine drunk out of a jar through pipes) of the Ba Na people and heard them talk about their lives, as well as the cultural customs in the region. And of course, we enjoyed the local food like fried forest bamboo shoots, grilled chicken with salt and pepper and river fish.

The Kon Kơ Tu community-based tourism village just debuted in July last year.

According to Kon Kơ Tu villager A Kâm, local tourism has grown in recent years but local people were mostly disorganised. After the People's Committee of Kon Tum City launched a project to support the development of community-based tourism in villages last year, tourism in the locality has developed even further.

With the support of the municipal People's Committee and preferential loans, many households have invested in building and upgrading houses, rooms and campuses. They have also offered new kinds of tours with different experiences to attract tourists.

With the unique architecture and cultural features of the Ba Na, Kon Kơ Tu Village is an attractive destination in Kon Tum.

Source: VNS
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“Wife stealing” custom of H’Mong people

As spring arrives in the northwestern region, it is the time when young H’Mong men ask their friends to help them to “steal or pull a wife”, an established local custom.

It works like this: during the day, the young couple arranges to have a date in the forest, on the road or in a marketplace. In late afternoon, the young man asks some of their friends to go to the dating place where they will help him to drag his girlfriends to his house.

Although they love each other and promise to live with each other their whole lives, no girl will willingly step into her boyfriend’s house. That’s why the man has to organize “a stealing event” so she will come to live in his house. The more friends that participate in such an event and the more determinedly they pull the girl, the happier the couple will be, the longer they will live, the more children they will have and the richer they will be.

Like young couples everywhere, when a H’Mong couple fall in love, they will tell their families. If everything goes well, the man’s family will send a matchmaker to the girl’s family to talk about the affair. Then they will carry out engagement rituals and the wedding. The wedding is normally held in spring when the weather is mild and things reproduce.

However, many couples cannot get married because the girl’s parents do not agree with the wedding.

The “wife stealing or pulling” custom is an effective solution. On the designated day, the man meets his girlfriend in a particular place. Before that, he secretly asks his friends and relatives to go there and pull the girl to his house. Even though the girl is aware of the custom, she must still act surprised and cry out for help.


Photo - Internet

The girl believed to be bad if she does not cry out when being pulled. The two families and her neighbors will definitely look down on her. When her family runs to her rescue with sticks in their hands, the man’s friends will stand in between and receive all the beatings so the man can take the girl to his house. As a matter of custom, the man’s people are not allowed to fight back.

The stealing or pulling must be carried out skillfully so the girl’s legs do not touch the ground and she does not fight back or bite the man and most importantly, she does not get hurt. When they are near the man’s house, one of the man’s friends will run to his house first and tell waiting people there, such as the man’s parent, uncles or aunts, to prepare two chickens, one young male and one young female, to stand in the main door. When the girl arrives, they will carry out rituals involving the chicken. Only after that can be girl be brought inside the house.

The H’Mong people believe that once the girl has entered the man’s house after the chicken rituals, she will not be accepted back to her parents’ house. She is now a member the man’s family. When she dies, her spirit will also belong to that family.

Before treating those friends who have helped with the theft to food, the man’s family will send someone to go to the girl’s family and tell them that the man’s family has stolen their daughter and that she is now married. The girl’s family will agree even if the theft has happened without their consent.

When the girl has entered the man’s house, she will sleep with the man’s sisters for the first three nights. The next morning, the man’s family will make rice cakes and take the girl back to her parent’s house. When arriving at the girl’s house, her husband and his parents and relatives will kneel down in front of the girl’s family as a token of their friendship.

The girl’s family will cook a meal and invite the man’s family to stay and eat. At the meal, a representative of her family will ask her if she can spend the rest of her life with the man’s family. If the answer is positive, they will pack her personal belongings so she can take them to her husband’s house. Preparations for a wedding now begin. When returning to her parents’ house, if the girl cries and tells them that she does not want to return to the man’s house, then the marriage is cancelled.

That the girl lives in the man’s house for three days allows her to get used to the set-up in his family. During that period, if she likes it there, then the couple will officially become husband and wife.

Vietnam Cultural Window/ VOV.VN
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Traditional boat racing in Phan Thiet city

 Traditional boat racing festival of Binh Thuan is arranged on 2nd day of Lunar New Year on Ca Ty river (Phan Thiet city)

Photo - Internet

The racing includes sampan and basket boat on the river. Spring sunshine spreads on peaceful river but it quickly being filled up with the shouts and laughs from audience and boat racers who are fishermen coming from different groups from nearby villages.

                                                                       Photo - Internet

The boat racing is like a happy melody to welcome new year arrival at Phan Thiet city. 

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PHONG THO MARKET


Phong Tho market is held at Phong Tho District town in Lai Chau province.



It is daily market and busy in the morning. The market is the place for exchange many kinds of assential goods like food, clothing, local rice wine, animals…



Especially the market is colorful by costumes of many ethnic groups like Nhang, Lao, Ha Nhi, U Ni, Black Dzao, Flower H’Mong…

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NA SAN HISTORICAL AIRPORT


Nasan airport is a short distance from the road number 6 and about 18 km from Son La city. It was built by French army in early 1950s and soon become the target of battle field between French and Viet Minh forces in 1952.


By the time of writing Na San airport is no longer used for quite limited visitors.



Commander in chief of French army in Indochina, Salan, decided to build Na San airport in October in 1952 in order to stop Viet Minh force moving to this area.



Na San was encircled by Viet Minh till French army led by General Henri Navarre sesolved abandon both Na San and nearby colonial government headquarters in Son La, moving his troops to Dien Bien Phu, 180 km from Son La.


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PU LUONG TOURISM


Pu Luong is in Thanh Hoa Province, about 170 km from Hanoi city. The valley and mountainous area is Nature Reserve. It is home to ethnic Thai people. The peaceful life in here is contrast to life in city.


Thai people plant rice in the valley and form the landscape of terrace rice fields. They built their house on wooden stilts and well preserve their beautiful tradition. It is fantastic to have home stay tour at Pu Luong to experience how Thai ethnic people live.



Walking along the valley of Pu Luong we enjoy the landscape of endless mountain, forest sounds, water wheel made of bamboo, people weaving clothes, plant or harvest paddy, grazing water buffalo….



Food cooked by Thai people is sumptuous with traditional ingredients and planted in organic ways. Vegetables and meat are bamboo shoot, pumpkin leaf, mint leaf, corn, green and black beans, spinach, sweet potato, squad leaf, grilled pork on charcoal, grilled fish inside banana leaf… Nice and tasty rice wine drunken with bamboo rods is highly recommended to be tasted.



Traditional music and dance with bamboo poles is amazing way to have interaction between guests and the locals after your dinner when home stay here.



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SIN HO SUNDAY MARKET


Sin Ho is one of remote district in North West Vietnam where still remains undiscovered secrets. Ethnic people gather in the market once a week on Sunday. It is spectacular market for ethnic groups like Red H’Mong, White H’mong, Flower H’mong, Black Dzao, and Lu.



Gathering at the weekend market is an important social occasion for them. After their trading transactions, the men gather around the pan of Thang Co – a specialty of the region made from horse meat, entrails and blood – drinking rice wine and making friend. Women have the chance to talk and sharing family stories while being buy and sell homemade products.



The Distance Hanoi and Sin Ho district is about 500 km. You should take tour around the mountainous North West loop of 7 days including Hoa Binh, Lai Chau, Dien Bien, Bac Ha, Lao Cai, Yen Bai…
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Charming Ao Dai Vietnam

#AoDai or Traditional long dress combining with conical hat is well-matched and famous fashion for Vietnamese women. 
The fashion is quite unique and is dressed up at the special occasion. #CharmingVietnam

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TRADITIONAL DANCE IN MAI CHAU DISTRICT


Mai Chau District belongs to Hoa Binh province, 150 km from Hanoi capital. It is a mountainous district and home to Thai ethnic people. The long valley and fertile soil is good condition for rice cultivation.



Thai people still remain many traditional dances that are performed at special occasion like Tet (or Vietnamese New Year), spring festival, wedding ceremony, and others. The very interesting one is bamboo stick dance. You can join with them and practice together. After the dance we can taste some home made wine named Nep rice wind. People use bamboo rods to drink the wine from one ceramic jar.

The dance of Thai ethnic People reflects the love between a couple, their love with  home village, and the wishes for good rice harvest and happiness. 

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Vietnam Museum of Ethnology


National Museum of Ethnology is the largest Museum in Hanoi city. The Museum is in shape of the bronze drum, the treasure of Vietnam. It was opened to the public in 1997 after 8 years construction.



Vietnam Museum of Ethnology lies on Nguyen Van Huyen street, Cau Giay district, Hanoi. Indoor area for exhibition covers an area of 25,000 sqm. The outdoor exhibition is green garden fill with house models of ethnic Thai, Tay, H’mong, Ede, Cham, Viet, Bahna minorities.



The Museum contains of more than 27,000 objects relating to Vietnam and South East Asia, 15,000 black and white photos, and hundreds of video tapes and cassettes about customs, activities, and habits of 54 minorities in Vietnam.



Most of foreign tourists like to come to visit the Museum to get information before they start their journey to see landscape and people’s daily life in countryside. The museum is open daily from 8:30 – 17:30 except on Monday. Entrance fee is 40,000 VND.




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Pho Minh Pagoda in Nam Dinh province - Vietnam


Pho Minh Pagoda is situated at Tuc Mac village, Nam Dinh province, just about 90 km southward Hanoi capital. It was built during Ly dynasty but expanded in 1262 during Tran dynasty.



In 2012 the whole complex of Pho Minh pagoda was recognized as one of the top national heritage of Vietnam. The pagoda is the ritual place for high ranking mandarins and Tran royal family to worship and lead their religious life.



The Tran’s architecture remains can be seen here like 96 plinth stones engraved with lotus flowers and the two pairs of dragons in front of the altar house. Over 50 statutes from 120 are intact that reflects impressive original artistic style. One of the top 4 precious holy objects of the country, a 7-ton cauldron, is preserved in the pagoda.



The impressive Buddhist tower of Pho Minh was built in 1305 under Tran dynasty, which has 13-storey and 21 m high. It looks like a 3 level of lotus flower, symbol of Buddhist religion. Two bottom levels of the tower was constructed with stone with 5 m each side. And from the 3rd level it was built of bricks that were burnt by rice straw for several months. The tower is estimated 700 tons and relies on an area of only 30 sq meters but has stood firmly for over 700 years. The image of Pho Minh tower was printed on Vietnamese 100-note currency.









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History of Nguyen Dynasty in Vietnam (1802 - 1945)


Nguyen Dynasty is last ruling family of Vietnam. The House of Nguyen seized their power for total 143 years (1802 – 1945). Gia Long and Minh Mang are the first kings who built a healthy state. The Nguyen cleared land for cultivation and pay attention to improve irrigation. They also sent merchant ships to trade with European countries and South East Asia.


The Nguyen Kings ordered to write and print books on National history and geography that had great impact on the National culture. Confucianism was basis of the Nguyen Dynasty’s conservative’s idealogy. The Nguyen Dynasty imposed a closed door policy. During Nguyen Dynasty there had been 13 kings who ruled the country during 143 years.


During the presence of French in Vietnam (1858 – 1954), It was marked by increasing influence of French colonialism, and the country was divided into 3 parts Cochinchina, Annam, and Tonkin. The last, 13th King, was Bao Dai who then moved to live in France and pass away there.


The capital of Vietnam (1802 – 1945) during Nguyen Dynasty was in Hue city, about 700 km from Hanoi or 1,200 km from Ho Chi Minh City. Hue citadel and other old constructions were listed as a world heritage site in 1993 by UNESCO. Nowadays, Hue becomes a hot tourist attraction in central part Vietnam.  



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